The Complete Beginner’s Guide to Propagating Geranium (Pelargonium) through Leaf Division

The Complete Beginner’s Guide to Propagating Geranium (Pelargonium) through Leaf Division

Are you a beginner looking to propagate your own geranium plants through leaf division? Look no further! In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the step-by-step process of propagating geraniums using leaf division. Whether you are a seasoned gardener or a complete novice, this guide will provide you with all the information you need to successfully propagate your geranium plants and expand your garden. Let’s get started!

Understanding Geranium (Pelargonium) and its Varieties

Introduction to Geranium (Pelargonium)

Geranium, also known as Pelargonium, is a popular flowering plant that is widely grown for its vibrant blooms and aromatic leaves. It belongs to the Geraniaceae family and is native to South Africa. Geraniums are known for their easy care and ability to thrive in various growing conditions, making them a popular choice for gardeners of all skill levels.

Popular Varieties of Geranium (Pelargonium)

There are several popular varieties of geraniums, each with its own unique characteristics and growing requirements. Some common varieties include:

  • Zonal geraniums: Known for their large, round leaves with distinct bands of color.
  • Ivy geraniums: Trailing variety with ivy-like leaves and clusters of small flowers.
  • Scented geraniums: Varieties that emit a pleasant fragrance when their leaves are crushed.
  • Regal geraniums: Large, showy flowers with ruffled petals in vibrant colors.

Benefits of Growing Geranium (Pelargonium)

There are many benefits to growing geraniums in your garden or home. Some of the key benefits include:

  • Low maintenance: Geraniums are easy to care for and require minimal attention to thrive.
  • Long blooming period: Geraniums produce blooms continuously throughout the growing season, adding color to your garden for months.
  • Pest and disease resistance: Geraniums are relatively resistant to common garden pests and diseases, making them a reliable choice for gardeners.
  • Versatility: Geraniums can be grown in containers, hanging baskets, flower beds, and even indoors, making them a versatile plant for any space.

Overall, geraniums are a beautiful and rewarding plant to grow, offering a wide range of varieties to suit any gardener’s preferences.

Preparing for Propagation

Before starting the process of propagating geraniums through leaf division, it’s important to make sure you have everything you need and that your plants are healthy and ready for propagation.

Selecting Healthy Geranium (Pelargonium) Plants

Choose geranium plants that are healthy and free from any diseases or pests. Look for plants that have strong stems and vibrant green leaves. Avoid selecting plants that are wilted or showing signs of stress.

Gathering Necessary Tools and Materials

To successfully propagate geraniums through leaf division, you will need the following tools and materials:

  • Sharp scissors or pruning shears
  • Small pots or containers for planting the cuttings
  • Potting soil or a well-draining propagation mix
  • Watering can or spray bottle for watering the cuttings
  • Clear plastic bags or a propagation dome to create a humid environment

Creating the Ideal Propagation Environment

Geraniums thrive in warm and humid conditions, so it’s important to create an ideal environment for propagation. Place your cuttings in a warm, bright location away from direct sunlight. Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged, and maintain a high level of humidity by covering the cuttings with a clear plastic bag or propagation dome. Check on your cuttings regularly to ensure they are healthy and growing successfully.

Step-by-Step Guide to Propagating Geranium (Pelargonium) through Leaf Division

Choosing the Right Leaf for Propagation

When selecting a leaf for propagation, it’s important to choose a healthy and mature leaf from the parent plant. Look for a leaf that is free from any signs of disease or damage.

Preparing the Leaf for Division

  1. Gently remove the selected leaf from the parent plant by making a clean cut at the base of the leaf stem.
  2. Trim the leaf stem to about 2-3 inches in length, making sure to remove any excess stem.
  3. Allow the cut end of the leaf stem to dry out and callus over for a few hours before planting.

Planting and Caring for the New Geranium (Pelargonium) Plants

  1. Fill a small pot with well-draining soil mix, such as a combination of potting soil and perlite.
  2. Make a small hole in the soil and insert the cut end of the leaf stem into the soil, ensuring that the leaf is planted upright.
  3. Water the newly planted leaf lightly, making sure not to overwater as this can cause rotting.
  4. Place the pot in a warm and bright location, but away from direct sunlight.
  5. Keep the soil consistently moist, but not waterlogged, and within a few weeks, you should start to see new roots and shoots emerging from the leaf.
  6. Once the new plant has established roots and is growing well, you can transplant it into a larger pot or into your garden.

By following these steps, you can successfully propagate geranium (Pelargonium) through leaf division and enjoy beautiful new plants in your garden.


In conclusion, propagating geraniums through leaf division is a simple and rewarding process that allows you to create new plants from existing ones. By following the steps outlined in this guide, beginners can successfully propagate geraniums and expand their garden with minimal effort. Whether you are looking to increase your geranium collection or share your plants with friends and family, leaf division is a great technique to try. Remember to be patient and provide the necessary care for your new cuttings to ensure their success. Happy gardening!