Propagation of Fig Tree: Using Suckers

Propagation of Fig Tree: Using Suckers

Are you looking to propagate your fig tree using suckers? In this article, we will discuss the step-by-step process of propagating fig trees through suckers, including the best practices and tips to ensure successful propagation. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced gardener, this guide will provide you with all the information you need to successfully propagate your fig tree using suckers.

Benefits of Propagating Fig Trees

Increased Yield

  • Propagating fig trees using suckers can lead to an increased yield of fig fruits. By planting new fig trees from suckers, you can expand your fig tree orchard and ultimately produce more figs.

Genetic Preservation

  • Propagating fig trees through suckers allows for the preservation of the genetic characteristics of the parent tree. This is important for maintaining the desired traits of the fig tree, such as fruit size, flavor, and disease resistance.


  • Propagating fig trees using suckers is a cost-effective method compared to buying new fig trees or seeds. By utilizing suckers from existing fig trees, you can save money on purchasing new trees and ensure a consistent quality of fig fruits from generation to generation.

    Methods of Propagation

Using Suckers

One method of propagating a fig tree is by using suckers. Suckers are young shoots that grow from the base of the tree. To propagate a fig tree using suckers, simply dig up a healthy sucker from the base of the tree, making sure to include some roots. Plant the sucker in a pot with well-draining soil and keep it moist until it establishes itself.

Rooting Cuttings

Another common method of propagating fig trees is by rooting cuttings. To do this, take a cutting from a healthy fig tree, making sure it is about 6-8 inches long and has at least two nodes. Remove the leaves from the bottom half of the cutting and dip it in a rooting hormone. Plant the cutting in a pot with well-draining soil and place it in a warm, sunny location. Keep the soil moist and within a few weeks, roots should begin to form.

Air Layering

Air layering is a more advanced method of propagating fig trees, but can be very effective. To air layer a fig tree, select a healthy branch and make a cut about halfway through the branch. Wrap the cut with moist sphagnum moss and cover it with plastic wrap to keep it moist. After a few weeks, roots should begin to form. Once roots have formed, you can cut the branch below the roots and plant it in a pot with well-draining soil. Keep the soil moist and within a few weeks, the cutting should establish itself as a new fig tree.

Steps for Propagating Fig Trees using Suckers

Selecting Healthy Suckers

Before starting the propagation process, it is important to select healthy suckers from a mature fig tree. Look for suckers that are about 6-8 inches long and have a good amount of roots attached. Avoid selecting weak or diseased suckers as they may not survive the propagation process.

Preparing the Planting Site

Choose a sunny location with well-draining soil for planting the fig tree suckers. Make sure to prepare the planting site by digging a hole that is slightly larger than the root ball of the sucker. Mix in some compost or organic matter to improve the soil quality and provide nutrients for the growing fig tree.

Planting and Care

Once you have selected healthy suckers and prepared the planting site, it’s time to plant the fig tree suckers. Place the sucker in the hole and cover the roots with soil, making sure that the top of the root ball is level with the surrounding ground. Water the newly planted fig tree thoroughly and continue to water regularly to keep the soil moist but not waterlogged. Provide some shade for the newly planted fig tree to protect it from harsh sunlight. With proper care and maintenance, your propagated fig tree should start to grow and thrive in its new location.


In conclusion, propagating fig trees using suckers is a simple and effective method for expanding your fig tree collection. By following the proper steps and techniques, you can successfully grow new fig trees from suckers and enjoy a bountiful harvest in the future. Remember to select healthy suckers, provide the necessary care and attention, and monitor their growth progress. With patience and dedication, you can create a thriving fig tree orchard using this propagation method. Happy gardening!