How to Propagate ZZ Plant from Rhizome Divisions

How to Propagate ZZ Plant from Rhizome Divisions

If you’re looking to expand your collection of ZZ plants, propagating them from rhizome divisions is a cost-effective and efficient method. In this article, we will guide you through the step-by-step process of propagating ZZ plants from rhizomes, ensuring a successful outcome for your plant propagation endeavors.

Understanding the ZZ Plant and its Rhizomes

What is a ZZ Plant?

The ZZ Plant, also known as Zamioculcas zamiifolia, is a popular houseplant known for its glossy green leaves and low maintenance requirements. It is native to Eastern Africa and belongs to the Araceae family. The ZZ Plant is a great choice for beginners and seasoned plant enthusiasts alike due to its ability to thrive in various light conditions and its resilience to neglect.

What are rhizome divisions?

Rhizome divisions are a propagation method commonly used for plants with underground stems called rhizomes, such as the ZZ Plant. Rhizomes are horizontal underground plant stems that grow outward and give rise to new shoots and roots. By dividing the rhizomes of a ZZ Plant, you can create new plants that are genetically identical to the parent plant. This method is relatively simple and can be a cost-effective way to expand your ZZ Plant collection.

Preparation for Propagation

Gathering the necessary tools and materials

Before starting the propagation process, it is important to gather all the necessary tools and materials. You will need a sharp knife or scissors, a clean cutting board, a pot with well-draining soil, and rooting hormone (optional but recommended for faster root development).

Selecting a healthy ZZ Plant for propagation

When selecting a ZZ Plant for propagation, make sure to choose a healthy and mature plant. Look for a plant with vibrant green leaves and no signs of disease or pest infestation. It is also important to select a plant that has multiple rhizomes, as these are the parts of the plant that will be divided for propagation.

Propagating ZZ Plant from Rhizome Divisions

Identifying the suitable rhizome division

When propagating ZZ plants from rhizome divisions, it is important to identify a healthy and mature rhizome to ensure successful growth. Look for a rhizome that is firm, with no signs of rot or disease. Additionally, choose a rhizome that has several healthy-looking shoots emerging from it, as these will develop into new plants.

Separating the rhizome division

Carefully remove the selected rhizome from the parent plant using a sharp, sterilized knife. Make sure to cut cleanly through the rhizome, avoiding any damage to the shoots or roots. Once the rhizome is separated, you can trim any excess roots to promote better growth in the new plant.

Planting the rhizome division

Prepare a well-draining potting mix for the new ZZ plant, and plant the rhizome division with the shoots facing upwards. Ensure that the rhizome is partially buried in the soil, with the shoots exposed to the air. Water the plant thoroughly after planting, and place it in a warm, bright location with indirect sunlight.

By following these steps, you can successfully propagate ZZ plants from rhizome divisions and expand your plant collection with ease.


In conclusion, propagating ZZ plants from rhizome divisions is a simple and effective way to expand your plant collection. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can successfully divide and transplant rhizomes to create new ZZ plants. Remember to choose a healthy parent plant, use clean tools, and provide the proper care for your new divisions. With a little patience and attention to detail, you can enjoy watching your ZZ plant thrive and grow into a beautiful addition to your indoor garden.