How to Propagate Umbrella Tree (Schefflera arboricola) in Soil: A Step-by-Step Guide

How to Propagate Umbrella Tree (Schefflera arboricola) in Soil: A Step-by-Step Guide

Are you looking to expand your indoor plant collection? Propagating an Umbrella Tree, also known as Schefflera arboricola, in soil is a great way to grow new plants from your existing one. With this step-by-step guide, you’ll learn the best practices for successfully propagating Umbrella Trees in soil. Whether you’re a beginner or experienced gardener, this guide will help you achieve success in propagating this beautiful and popular houseplant.

Choosing a Healthy Umbrella Tree Cutting

When propagating an Umbrella Tree in soil, it is essential to start with a healthy cutting to ensure successful growth. Look for a cutting that is free from any signs of pests or diseases, and has a strong and sturdy stem. Avoid cuttings that are wilted or discolored, as they may not root properly.

Selecting the Right Stem

When selecting a stem for propagation, choose a cutting that is around 4-6 inches long with at least 2-3 leaves. The stem should be firm and healthy, with no signs of damage or rot. Avoid using stems that are too young or too old, as they may not root well in soil.

Checking for Pests and Diseases

Before preparing the cutting for propagation, carefully inspect it for any signs of pests or diseases. Look for any visible pests such as aphids or mealybugs, as well as any spots or discoloration on the leaves. If you notice any issues, treat the cutting accordingly before proceeding with propagation.

Preparing the Cutting

To prepare the cutting for propagation in soil, make a clean cut at a 45-degree angle just below a leaf node. Remove any excess leaves from the bottom of the cutting to prevent them from rotting in the soil. Dip the cut end of the cutting in a rooting hormone to encourage root growth, and then plant it in a well-draining potting mix. Keep the soil moist and place the cutting in a warm, bright location to promote root development.

Rooting the Umbrella Tree Cutting

Before propagating an Umbrella Tree cutting in soil, it is important to select a healthy and disease-free cutting from the parent plant. The cutting should be around 4-6 inches long and have at least 2-3 leaf nodes.

Dipping the Cutting in Rooting Hormone

To increase the chances of successful root development, dip the bottom end of the cutting in a rooting hormone powder. This will help stimulate root growth and improve the cutting’s ability to take in water and nutrients from the soil.

Planting the Cutting in Soil

Prepare a well-draining potting mix for the Umbrella Tree cutting. Make a hole in the soil with a pencil or chopstick and gently insert the cutting into the hole. Press the soil around the cutting to secure it in place.

Providing Adequate Water and Sunlight

After planting the cutting, water it thoroughly to help settle the soil and provide moisture for root development. Place the pot in a location with bright, indirect sunlight to promote growth. Make sure to keep the soil consistently moist, but not waterlogged, to support healthy root formation.

Following these steps will help you successfully propagate an Umbrella Tree cutting in soil and watch it grow into a beautiful and thriving plant.

Caring for the Newly Propagated Umbrella Tree

After successfully propagating your Umbrella Tree in soil, it is important to provide proper care to ensure its healthy growth. Here are some essential steps to follow:

Monitoring Growth Progress

Regularly monitor the growth progress of your newly propagated Umbrella Tree. Check for any signs of wilting, yellowing leaves, or pest infestations. Adjust the watering schedule or light exposure if needed to promote healthy growth.

Transferring to a Larger Pot

As your Umbrella Tree grows, it will eventually outgrow its current pot. Transferring it to a larger pot will provide more space for the roots to spread and allow the plant to continue thriving. Choose a pot that is 1-2 inches larger in diameter than the current one and ensure it has proper drainage holes.

Fertilizing the Plant

Fertilizing your Umbrella Tree is essential to provide it with the necessary nutrients for growth. Use a balanced liquid fertilizer diluted to half strength and apply it every 4-6 weeks during the growing season. Avoid over-fertilizing, as this can lead to nutrient imbalances and harm the plant.

By following these steps, you can ensure the successful growth and development of your newly propagated Umbrella Tree in soil. Proper care and attention will help your plant thrive and become a beautiful addition to your indoor garden.


In conclusion, propagating Umbrella Tree (Schefflera arboricola) in soil is a rewarding and relatively simple process that can be done by both experienced gardeners and beginners. By following the step-by-step guide outlined in this article, you can successfully grow new plants from cuttings and expand your indoor or outdoor garden with beautiful Umbrella Trees. Remember to provide the right conditions, such as proper lighting, watering, and humidity levels, to ensure the success of your propagation efforts. With a little patience and care, you’ll soon be enjoying the lush foliage and unique beauty of your propagated Umbrella Trees.