How to Propagate Fig Tree from Air Layering

How to Propagate Fig Tree from Air Layering

Are you looking to expand your fig tree garden but unsure of the best propagation method to use? Air layering is a simple and effective technique that can help you multiply your fig trees with ease. In this article, we will discuss the step-by-step process of propagating fig trees from air layering, providing you with all the information you need to successfully grow your fig tree collection.

What is Air Layering

Definition of Air Layering

Air layering is a method of propagating plants by creating a new plant from a branch or stem while it is still attached to the parent plant. This technique involves making a cut in the branch, removing a section of bark, and then covering the wounded area with a moist growing medium to encourage the growth of roots. Once roots have formed, the branch can be removed from the parent plant and potted up as a new individual.

Benefits of Air Layering

  • Air layering is a reliable method for propagating plants that may be difficult to propagate by other means, such as cuttings or seeds.
  • This technique allows for the creation of a new plant that is genetically identical to the parent plant, ensuring that desirable traits are preserved.
  • Air layering can be done at any time of year, making it a versatile propagation method that is not limited by seasonality.
  • It can be used to rejuvenate older plants by producing new, vigorous growth from established branches.

    Materials Needed for Propagating Fig Tree

Sphagnum Moss

Sphagnum moss is a key component in air layering as it helps to retain moisture around the cut stem and encourages root growth. Make sure to use high-quality sphagnum moss for the best results.

Rooting Hormone

Rooting hormone is essential for promoting root development in the fig tree cutting. Choose a rooting hormone that is specifically formulated for woody plants to ensure successful propagation.

Plastic Wrap

Plastic wrap is used to cover the sphagnum moss and keep it in place around the cut stem. It creates a humid environment that is ideal for root growth. Make sure to secure the plastic wrap tightly to prevent any moisture loss.

Steps to Propagate Fig Tree from Air Layering

Selecting a Healthy Branch

When choosing a branch to propagate your fig tree through air layering, make sure to select a healthy branch that is at least one year old. Look for a branch that is flexible and has a good amount of growth.

Preparing the Branch for Air Layering

To prepare the branch for air layering, make a 1-2 inch long cut on the branch about 12-18 inches from the tip. Make sure the cut goes about halfway through the branch, and remove a small section of bark around the cut to expose the cambium layer.

Wrapping the Branch with Sphagnum Moss

After preparing the branch, dampen a handful of sphagnum moss and wrap it around the cut area. Make sure the moss is secure and cover it with plastic wrap to keep it moist. Check the moss regularly and mist it with water if it starts to dry out.

By following these steps, you can successfully propagate your fig tree from air layering and create new, healthy plants for your garden.


In conclusion, air layering is an effective and simple method for propagating fig trees. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can successfully create new fig trees from existing ones without having to rely on seeds or cuttings. This technique allows for a higher success rate and faster growth, making it a popular choice among gardeners and horticulturists. With a little patience and care, you can enjoy the fruits of your labor as your newly propagated fig tree thrives and bears delicious figs for years to come.