Effective Methods for Propagating Foxtail Fern via Division

Effective Methods for Propagating Foxtail Fern via Division

Are you looking to expand your garden with beautiful foxtail ferns? Propagating foxtail ferns through division is a simple and effective method that can help you multiply your plant collection. In this article, we will explore the best practices for dividing foxtail ferns to ensure successful propagation. Whether you are a seasoned gardener or a beginner, these tips will guide you through the process of multiplying your foxtail ferns with ease.

Understanding Foxtail Fern Propagation

What is Foxtail Fern?

Foxtail Fern, also known as Asparagus densiflorus, is a popular ornamental plant that is prized for its fluffy, fern-like foliage. It is commonly used in landscaping and indoor plant arrangements due to its unique appearance and low maintenance requirements.

Why propagate Foxtail Fern via division?

Propagating Foxtail Fern via division is a common and effective method for creating new plants from existing ones. This technique involves separating the root ball of an established plant into smaller sections, each with its own set of roots and foliage. By doing so, gardeners can quickly and easily multiply their Foxtail Fern collection without having to rely on seeds or other propagation methods. Additionally, division allows for the creation of identical clones of the parent plant, ensuring that the new plants will retain the same characteristics and features as the original.

Preparing for Foxtail Fern Division

Selecting the right time for division

Foxtail ferns are best divided in the spring when new growth is just starting to emerge. This allows the plant to recover quickly and establish itself before the hot summer months.

Gathering necessary tools and materials

Before dividing your foxtail fern, you will need to gather a few essential tools and materials. These include a sharp knife or garden shears for cutting through the roots, a shovel for digging up the plant, and a container filled with potting mix for replanting the divisions.

Preparing the division site

Choose a location in your garden that receives partial shade and has well-draining soil. Dig a hole that is large enough to accommodate the divided sections of the plant, making sure to space them at least a few inches apart. Remove any weeds or debris from the area to prevent competition for nutrients.

Steps to Divide Foxtail Fern

1. Digging up the plant

To begin the process of dividing a foxtail fern, start by carefully digging up the plant from the ground. Use a shovel or garden fork to gently loosen the soil around the base of the plant, being careful not to damage the roots. Once the plant is loose, carefully lift it out of the ground and place it on a flat surface.

2. Dividing the rootball

Once the foxtail fern is out of the ground, examine the rootball to determine where it can be divided. Look for natural separations in the root system or gently tease apart the roots to create divisions. Use a sharp, clean knife or garden shears to cut through the rootball, ensuring that each division has a good amount of roots attached.

3. Replanting the divisions

After dividing the foxtail fern, it’s time to replant the divisions. Choose a location with well-draining soil and partial shade for the newly divided plants. Dig a hole slightly larger than the rootball of each division and gently place the plant in the hole. Backfill with soil and water thoroughly to help the plant establish in its new location.

By following these steps, you can effectively propagate foxtail ferns via division and create new plants to enjoy in your garden.

Caring for Newly Divided Foxtail Ferns

Watering and drainage considerations

When caring for newly divided Foxtail Ferns, it is essential to pay close attention to watering and drainage considerations. Foxtail Ferns prefer consistently moist soil, but they do not like to sit in waterlogged conditions. Make sure the soil drains well to prevent root rot. Water the plants thoroughly but allow the top inch of soil to dry out before watering again.

Fertilizing the newly divided plants

After dividing Foxtail Ferns, it is important to provide them with the necessary nutrients to support healthy growth. Use a balanced fertilizer with equal parts nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Fertilize the plants every 4-6 weeks during the growing season, but avoid over-fertilization as it can lead to nutrient imbalances and damage the plants.

Monitoring for signs of stress or disease

Keep a close eye on the newly divided Foxtail Ferns for any signs of stress or disease. Look for yellowing or browning of the fronds, wilting, or stunted growth. These can be indicators of underwatering, overwatering, nutrient deficiencies, or pest infestations. If you notice any abnormalities, take immediate action to address the issue and prevent further damage to the plants.


In conclusion, propagating Foxtail Fern via division is a simple and effective method for expanding your plant collection. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can successfully divide your Foxtail Fern and create new plants to enjoy or share with others. Remember to choose a healthy plant, use clean tools, and provide proper care after division to ensure the success of your propagation efforts. With a little patience and care, you can easily multiply your Foxtail Fern and enhance the beauty of your garden or indoor space.