Easy Ways to Propagate Corn Plant (Dracaena fragrans) Using Soil

3 Easy Ways to Propagate Corn Plant (Dracaena fragrans) Using Soil

If you’re looking to expand your collection of Corn Plants (Dracaena fragrans) through propagation, you’re in the right place! In this article, we will explore three simple and effective methods for propagating Corn Plants using soil. Whether you’re a seasoned plant parent or just starting out, these techniques will help you successfully grow new plants from your existing Corn Plant.

Method 1: Propagating Corn Plant through Stem Cuttings

Selecting a Healthy Stem Cutting

Before propagating a corn plant through stem cuttings, it is important to select a healthy stem cutting. Look for a stem that is about 4-6 inches long and has at least a few leaves on it. Make sure the stem cutting is free from any signs of disease or damage.

Preparing the Stem Cutting

Once you have selected a healthy stem cutting, use a clean, sharp pair of scissors or pruning shears to cut the stem just below a node. Nodes are the points on the stem where leaves grow out. Remove any leaves from the bottom half of the stem cutting to prevent them from rotting when planted in soil.

Planting the Stem Cutting in Soil

Fill a small pot with well-draining potting soil and make a hole in the center. Dip the cut end of the stem cutting in rooting hormone to encourage root growth. Place the stem cutting in the hole and gently firm the soil around it. Water the soil thoroughly and place the pot in a warm, bright location with indirect sunlight.

By following these steps, you can successfully propagate a corn plant using stem cuttings.

Method 2: Propagating Corn Plant through Air Layering

Identifying the Suitable Branch for Air Layering

Before starting the air layering process, it is important to identify a healthy and mature branch on the corn plant. Look for a branch that is flexible and not too woody, as this will make it easier for the roots to grow.

Preparing the Branch for Air Layering

  1. Make a diagonal cut on the branch, about 1/3 of the way through.
  2. Apply a rooting hormone to the cut area to stimulate root growth.
  3. Wrap the cut area with damp sphagnum moss to keep it moist and encourage root development.
  4. Cover the moss with plastic wrap and secure it with twine or rubber bands to create a humid environment.

Encouraging Root Growth in the Air Layering

  1. Check the moss periodically to ensure it stays moist. Mist it with water if it starts to dry out.
  2. After a few weeks, you should start to see roots forming in the moss.
  3. Once the roots are well-developed, carefully cut the branch below the moss and plant it in a pot with well-draining soil.

By following these steps, you can successfully propagate your corn plant through air layering and expand your plant collection with ease.

Method 3: Propagating Corn Plant through Offsets or Division

Identifying and Separating Offsets

Offsets are small plantlets that grow at the base of the parent corn plant. To identify offsets, look for small shoots emerging from the soil near the main stem of the plant. Carefully separate the offset from the parent plant using a sharp, clean knife or shears. Make sure to include some roots with the offset to ensure successful propagation.

Preparing the Offset for Planting

Before planting the offset, allow it to dry and callous for a few days. This will help prevent rotting when placed in soil. Once the offset has dried, prepare a small pot with well-draining soil mix.

Planting the Offset in Soil

Make a small hole in the soil and gently place the offset inside, covering the roots with soil. Water the newly planted offset thoroughly and place it in a warm, bright location with indirect sunlight. Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged to encourage root growth. With proper care, the offset should begin to establish itself and grow into a healthy corn plant.


In conclusion, propagating a Corn Plant (Dracaena fragrans) using soil can be a simple and rewarding process. By following these three easy methods – stem cuttings, division, and air layering – you can quickly expand your plant collection and create new plants to share with friends and family. Remember to provide the right conditions for your cuttings to thrive, such as sufficient light, warmth, and moisture. With a little patience and care, you’ll soon have a beautiful and healthy Corn Plant garden to enjoy for years to come.