Easy Steps for Propagating Geranium (Pelargonium) by Rooting Hormone

Easy Steps for Propagating Geranium (Pelargonium) by Rooting Hormone

Are you looking to expand your geranium (pelargonium) collection? Propagating geraniums through rooting hormone is a simple and effective way to grow new plants. In this article, we will provide you with easy step-by-step instructions on how to propagate geraniums using rooting hormone. Whether you’re a beginner or experienced gardener, this guide will help you successfully propagate your geraniums and enjoy a beautiful garden full of these colorful and fragrant flowers.

Choosing the Right Stem Cuttings

When propagating geraniums using rooting hormone, it is important to choose the right stem cuttings to ensure successful propagation. Selecting healthy geranium stem cuttings, identifying the ideal stem length, and properly preparing the stem cuttings are crucial steps in the process.

Selecting Healthy Geranium Stem Cuttings

When selecting stem cuttings for propagation, make sure to choose healthy stems that are free from any signs of disease or damage. Look for stems that are green and firm, with no yellowing or wilting. Healthy stem cuttings will have a higher chance of successfully rooting and developing into new plants.

Identifying the Ideal Stem Length

The ideal stem length for geranium cuttings is typically around 4-6 inches long. This length provides enough material for the cutting to establish roots while also ensuring that it is not too long and prone to wilting. Avoid using very short or very long stem cuttings, as they may not root successfully.

Preparing the Stem Cuttings

Before applying rooting hormone, it is important to properly prepare the stem cuttings. Trim the stem just below a leaf node using clean, sharp scissors or pruning shears. Remove any leaves from the lower half of the cutting to prevent them from rotting in the rooting medium. Make a clean cut at the bottom of the stem to promote healthy root growth.

By following these steps for choosing the right stem cuttings, you can increase the chances of successful geranium propagation using rooting hormone.

Prepping the Rooting Medium

When propagating geraniums using rooting hormone, it is essential to prepare the rooting medium properly to ensure successful root development. The rooting medium is where the cutting will be placed to encourage the growth of new roots. Here are some key steps to follow when prepping the rooting medium:

Choosing the Right Potting Mix

It is important to choose a well-draining potting mix for geranium cuttings. A mix that is too dense or holds onto too much moisture can cause the cutting to rot before roots have a chance to develop. Look for a potting mix specifically designed for rooting or propagation, or create your own mix using components like peat moss, perlite, and vermiculite.

Preparing the Potting Mix

Before placing the geranium cuttings in the potting mix, it is crucial to prepare the mix properly. Ensure that the potting mix is loose and free of any clumps or compacted areas. You can also add a small amount of rooting hormone to the mix to further encourage root development in the cuttings.

Moistening the Potting Mix

Geranium cuttings need a moist environment to encourage root growth. Before inserting the cuttings into the potting mix, lightly moisten the mix with water. Be careful not to oversaturate the mix, as this can lead to rotting of the cuttings. The potting mix should be evenly moist but not waterlogged.

By following these steps for prepping the rooting medium, you can create an ideal environment for geranium cuttings to develop strong and healthy roots when using rooting hormone.

Applying Rooting Hormone

When propagating geraniums (Pelargonium) by stem cuttings, using rooting hormone can greatly increase the chances of success. Rooting hormone is a substance that stimulates root growth in plant cuttings, helping them establish a strong root system faster.

Understanding Rooting Hormones

Rooting hormones come in various forms, such as powder, gel, and liquid. They contain synthetic or natural auxins, which are plant hormones that promote root development. When applied to the cut end of a stem cutting, rooting hormone encourages the growth of new roots.

Applying Rooting Hormone to Stem Cuttings

To apply rooting hormone to geranium stem cuttings, dip the cut end of the stem into the rooting hormone powder, gel, or liquid. Make sure to coat the cut end evenly with the hormone before inserting it into the growing medium. This will help the cutting develop roots more quickly and effectively.

Tips for Effective Rooting Hormone Application

  • Use a clean, sharp knife or scissors to take stem cuttings to ensure a clean cut.
  • Dip the cut end of the stem into the rooting hormone immediately after taking the cutting to prevent the cut end from drying out.
  • Avoid contaminating the rooting hormone container by pouring a small amount into a separate dish for dipping the cuttings.
  • Store rooting hormone in a cool, dry place to maintain its effectiveness.

By following these tips and properly applying rooting hormone to geranium stem cuttings, you can increase the success rate of propagating your favorite plants.

Rooting the Geranium Stem Cuttings

To start propagating geraniums using rooting hormone, the first step is to take stem cuttings from a healthy geranium plant. Choose a stem that is 3-4 inches long and has several nodes. Using a sharp, clean pair of scissors, cut the stem just below a node at a 45-degree angle.

Inserting Stem Cuttings in the Potting Mix

After preparing the stem cuttings, it’s time to insert them into a well-draining potting mix. Make a hole in the potting mix using a pencil or similar tool, and gently insert the cut end of the stem cutting into the hole. Ensure that at least one node is buried in the potting mix.

Providing Optimal Conditions for Rooting

Geranium stem cuttings require specific conditions to root successfully. Place the pot with the stem cuttings in a warm, bright location, but avoid direct sunlight. Keep the potting mix consistently moist, but not waterlogged, to encourage root development. You can also cover the pot with a plastic bag to create a humid environment.

Monitoring and Caring for Rooting Cuttings

Check the stem cuttings regularly for signs of root development, which typically takes 2-4 weeks. Once roots have formed, you can transplant the new geranium plants into individual pots with well-draining soil. Continue to provide them with adequate sunlight, water, and nutrients to ensure healthy growth.

Transplanting Rooted Cuttings

Transplanting rooted cuttings is an essential step in the process of propagating geraniums using rooting hormone. This step ensures that the newly rooted cuttings have a suitable environment to continue growing and thriving. Here are some key points to consider when transplanting rooted geranium cuttings:

When to Transplant Rooted Cuttings

It is important to wait until the newly rooted cuttings have established a healthy root system before transplanting them. Typically, this will take around 4-6 weeks after rooting the cuttings in the rooting hormone. You can gently tug on the base of the cutting to check if it has developed roots before transplanting.

Preparing the Transplanting Pots

Before transplanting the rooted geranium cuttings, prepare the transplanting pots by filling them with a well-draining potting mix. Make sure the pots have drainage holes at the bottom to prevent waterlogging, which can lead to root rot. Water the potting mix lightly before transplanting the cuttings.

Transplanting Rooted Geranium Cuttings

To transplant the rooted geranium cuttings, carefully remove them from the rooting medium, being cautious not to damage the delicate roots. Make a hole in the center of the potting mix in the transplanting pot and gently place the cutting in the hole. Firmly press the potting mix around the base of the cutting to secure it in place.

After transplanting, water the cuttings lightly to help them settle into their new environment. Place the pots in a location with bright, indirect light and maintain consistent moisture levels by watering when the top inch of the potting mix feels dry.

By following these easy steps for transplanting rooted geranium cuttings, you can ensure that your newly propagated plants continue to grow and thrive in their new pots.


In conclusion, propagating geranium (pelargonium) using rooting hormone is a simple and effective method to expand your garden with beautiful new plants. By following the easy steps outlined in this article, you can successfully grow new geraniums from cuttings and enjoy a bountiful garden filled with these colorful and fragrant flowers. With a little patience and care, you can quickly increase your geranium collection and create a stunning display in your outdoor space. So why wait? Get started on propagating your geraniums today and watch as your garden flourishes with these lovely blooms.