A Detailed Guide to Propagating Foxtail Fern with Division

A Detailed Guide to Propagating Foxtail Fern with Division

Are you looking to expand your foxtail fern collection? Propagating foxtail ferns through division is a simple and effective way to multiply your plants. In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the step-by-step process of dividing foxtail ferns to create new plants. Whether you’re a beginner or a seasoned gardener, this guide will provide you with all the information you need to successfully propagate foxtail ferns with division.

What is Foxtail Fern?

Description of Foxtail Fern

Foxtail fern, also known as Asparagus densiflorus ‘Meyersii’, is a popular ornamental plant that belongs to the Asparagaceae family. It is characterized by its unique and attractive appearance, with long, upright stems covered in feathery, needle-like leaves. The foliage of the foxtail fern resembles a fluffy fox tail, hence its name. This plant is native to South Africa and is commonly grown as a houseplant or outdoor ornamental in mild climates.

Benefits of Growing Foxtail Fern

There are several benefits to growing foxtail fern in your garden or home. Firstly, the plant is low-maintenance and requires minimal care, making it a great choice for beginner gardeners. Foxtail fern is also known for its ability to purify the air by removing toxins and pollutants, creating a healthier indoor environment. Additionally, the unique texture and shape of the foliage add visual interest to any space, making it a popular choice for landscaping and indoor decoration. Foxtail fern is also drought-tolerant and can thrive in a variety of conditions, making it a versatile and resilient plant for any garden or home.

Propagating Foxtail Fern through Division

When to Divide Foxtail Fern

Foxtail ferns should be divided in the spring, before the growing season begins. This is when the plant is actively growing and will quickly recover from being divided.

Steps to Divide Foxtail Fern

  1. Start by watering the foxtail fern thoroughly a day before dividing it. This will help loosen the soil and make it easier to separate the roots.
  2. Carefully remove the foxtail fern from its pot or garden bed, being mindful not to damage the roots.
  3. Gently shake off excess soil from the roots to better see the natural divisions.
  4. Use a sharp, clean knife or garden shears to cut the plant into sections, making sure each division has healthy roots and at least a few fronds.
  5. Plant each division in a new pot or garden bed with well-draining soil and water thoroughly.
  6. Keep the newly divided foxtail fern in a shaded area for a few weeks to allow it to recover and establish itself.

Caring for Divided Foxtail Fern

After dividing a foxtail fern, it is important to provide proper care to ensure its health and growth. Here are some tips for caring for divided foxtail ferns:

  • Water the plant regularly, keeping the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged.
  • Place the plant in a location with bright, indirect light to encourage healthy growth.
  • Fertilize the plant every 4-6 weeks during the growing season with a balanced fertilizer.
  • Monitor the plant for any signs of stress or disease, and treat accordingly to prevent further damage.

By following these steps and tips, you can successfully propagate foxtail ferns through division and enjoy a lush and thriving plant in your home or garden.

Common Issues and Troubleshooting

Root Rot

One common issue that may arise when propagating Foxtail Ferns with division is root rot. Root rot occurs when the roots of the plant are exposed to excess moisture, leading to fungal growth and decay. To prevent root rot, make sure to plant the divided sections of the Foxtail Fern in well-draining soil and avoid overwatering. If you notice any signs of root rot, such as mushy and discolored roots, it is important to take action immediately by cutting away the affected areas and repotting the plant in fresh soil.

Pests and Diseases

Another issue that may affect Foxtail Ferns during propagation is pests and diseases. Common pests that can infest these plants include spider mites, mealybugs, and aphids. To prevent pest infestations, regularly inspect your Foxtail Fern for any signs of pests and treat them with natural or chemical insecticides as needed. In terms of diseases, Foxtail Ferns are generally resistant, but they can be susceptible to fungal infections if exposed to excess moisture. To prevent diseases, make sure to provide proper air circulation and avoid overwatering.

Yellowing Leaves

Yellowing leaves are a common issue that can occur when propagating Foxtail Ferns with division. This can be caused by a variety of factors, such as overwatering, nutrient deficiencies, or poor lighting conditions. To address yellowing leaves, make sure to adjust your watering schedule to ensure the soil is evenly moist but not waterlogged. Additionally, consider fertilizing your Foxtail Fern with a balanced fertilizer to provide it with essential nutrients. Lastly, ensure that your plant is receiving adequate sunlight to promote healthy growth and prevent yellowing leaves.


In conclusion, propagating foxtail ferns through division is a simple and effective way to expand your collection of these beautiful plants. By following the steps outlined in this detailed guide, you can successfully separate and replant foxtail ferns to create new thriving plants. Remember to provide the proper care and maintenance after dividing to ensure the health and growth of your newly propagated foxtail ferns. With a little patience and dedication, you can enjoy a flourishing garden filled with these unique and elegant ferns.